Table of Contents

2019 Month : July Volume : 8 Issue : 26 Page : 2055-2059


Madhumita De1, Abhijit Rakshit2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
2Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

References :


Jameson JL, Weetman AP. Disorders of the thyroid gland. In: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al. eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 2. 17th edn. New York: The McGraw-Hill 2008: p. 2224-47.


Bastemir M, Akin F, Alkis E, et al. Obesity is associated with increased serum TSH level, independent of thyroid function. Swiss Med Wkly 2007;137(29-30):431-4.         

Google Scholar | PubMed

Sorisky A, Bell A, Gagnon A. TSH receptor in adipose cells. Horn Metab Res 2000;32(11-12):468-74.             

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Schaffler A, Binart N, Scholmerich J, et al. Hypothesis paper Brain talks with fat -- evidence for a hypothalamic-pituitary-adipose axis? Neuropeptides 2005;39(4):363-7.                               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Rosenbaum M, Hirsch J, Murphy E, et al. Effects of changes in body weight on carbohydrate metabolism, catecholamine excretion and thyroid function. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71(6):1421-32.                 

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Valyasevi RW, Harteneck DA, Dutton CM, et al. Stimulation of adipogenesis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and thyrotropin receptor by PPARgamma agonist in human orbital preadipocyte fibroblasts. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002;87(5):2352-8.      

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Rajala MW, Scherer PE. Minireview: the adipocyte -- at the crossroads of energy homeostasis, inflammation and atherosclerosis. Endocrinology 2003;144(9):3765-73.               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Rondinone CM. Adipocyte-derived hormones, cytokines and mediators. Endocrine 2006;29(1):81-90.          

Google Scholar | PubMed

Menendez C, Baldelli R, Camina JP, et al. TSH stimulates leptin secretion by a direct effect on adipocytes. J Endocrinol 2003;176(1):7-12.                

Google Scholar | PubMed

Zimmermann-Belsing T, Brabant G, Holst JJ, et al. Circulating leptin and thyroid dysfunction. Eur J Endocrinol 2003;149(4):257-71.       

Google Scholar | PubMed

Danese MD, Ladenson PW, Meinert CL, et al. Effect of thyroxine therapy on serum lipoproteins in patients with mild thyroid failure: a quantitative review of literature. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2000;85(9):2993-3001.               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Visscher TLS, Seidell JC. The public health impact of obesity. Ann Rev Public Health 2001;22:355-75.          

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Kundsen N, Laurberg P, Rasmussen LB, et al. Small differences in thyroid function may be important for body mass index and the occurrence of obesity in the population. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005;90(7):4019-24.            

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

De Pergola G, Ciampolillo A, Paolotti S, et al. Free tri-iodothyronine and thyroid stimulating hormone are directly associated with waist circumference, independent of insulin resistance, metabolic parametres and blood pressure in overweight and obese women. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2007;67(2):265-9.               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Jung CH, Sung KC, Shin HS, et al. Thyroid dysfunction and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors such as lipid profile, hsCRP and waist hip ratio in Korea. Korean J Intern Med 2003;18(3):146-53.            

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Kota SK, Meher LK, Jammula S, et al. Obesity and thyrotropinemia: association in Indian adults. Thyroid Research and Practice 2013;10(1):4-7.

Google Scholar |

Mahanta A, Choudhury B, Choudhury DS. Serum thyrotropin level in relation to obesity indicators in a clinically euthyroid population. International Journal of Physiology 2013;1:7-12.


Galofre JC, Pujante P, Abreu C, et al. Relationship between thyroid stimulating hormone and insulin in euthyroid obese men. Ann Nutr Metab 2008;53(3-4):188-94.      

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Shon HS, Jung ED, Kim SH, et al. Free T4 is negatively correlated with body mass index in euthyroid women. Korean J Intern Med 2008;23(2):53-7.     

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Harikumar KVS, Verma A, Muthukrishnan J, et al. Obesity and thyrotropinemia. Indian J Pediatrics 2009;76(9):933-5.               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed

Ambrosi B, Masserini B, Iorio L, et al. Relationship of thyroid function with body mass index and insulin resistance in euthyroid obese subjects. J Endocrinol Invest 2010;33(9):640-3.               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed