Table of Contents

2019 Month : June Volume : 8 Issue : 23 Page : 1820-1824

STUDY ON OVULATION INDUCTION WITH CLOMIPHENE CITRATE, METFORMIN, HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN AND HUMAN MENOPAUSAL GONADOTROPIN IN FEMALE INFERTILITY.

Anuradha De Pati1, Selim Akhtar2, Nibedita Chattopadhyay3, Susanta Banerjee4

1Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
2Residential Medical Officer Cum Clinical Tutor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
3Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cooch Behar Government Medical College and Hospital, Cooch Behar,
West Bengal, India.
4Professor and HOD, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

References :

1

Berek JS. Berek & Novak’s Gynaecology. 15th edn. Philadelphia, PA, 19103 USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2012.

2

Kerin JF, Edmonds DK, Warnes GM, et al. Morphological & functional relations of Graafian follicle growth to ovulation in women using ultrasonic, laparoscopic and biochemical measurements. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1981;88(2):81-90.            

Google Scholar | PubMed
3

O’Herlihy C, De Crespigny LC, Lopata A, et al. Preovulatory follicular size: a comparison of ultrasound and laparoscopic measurements. Fertil Steril 1980;34(1):24-6.                   

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed
4

Elkind-Hirsch K, Goldzieher JW, Gibbons WE, et al. Evaluation of the OvuSTICK urinary luteinizing hormone kit in normal and stimulated menstrual cycles. Obstet Gynecol 1986;67(3):450-3.                      

Google Scholar | PubMed
5

Zain MM, Jamaluddin R, Ibrahim A, et al. Comparison of clomiphene citrate, metformin or the combination of both for first-line ovulation induction, achievement of pregnancy and live birth in Asian women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Fertil Steril 2009;91(2):514-21.

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed
6

Andersen AN, Goossens V, Ferraretti AP, et al. Assisted reproductive technology in Europe, 2004: results generated from European Registers by ESHRE. Hum Reprod 2008;23(4):756-71.                

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed
7

Corchia C, Mastroiacovo P, Lanni R, et al. What proportion of multiple births are due to ovulation induction? A register-based study in Italy. Am J Public Health 1996;86(6):851-4.               

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed
8

Gray RH, Wu LY. Subfertility and risk of spontaneous abortion. Am J Publ Health 2000;90(9):1452-4.         

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed
9

Schindler AE. Moglichkeiten der Diagnostik und Therapie mit Clomifen. Frauenarzt 1990;31:253-70.         

10

Jakubowicz DJ, Iuorno MJ, Jakubowicz S, et al. Effects of metformin on early pregnancy loss in the Polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002;87(2):524-9.    

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed
11

Rai R, Backos M, Rushworth F, et al. Polycystic ovaries and recurrent miscarriage -- a reappraisal. Hum Reprod 2000;15(3):612-5.        

CrossRef | Google Scholar | PubMed