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2020 Month : February Volume : 9 Issue : 8 Page : 520-523

Lipid Levels in Acute Coronary Syndromes Admitted in Medical Intensive Care Unit in a Tertiary Care Hospital.

Aparna Patange1, Sandeep Immadisetty2, Harshal Vora3, Hetal Mankodia4

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Aparna Patange,
Krishna Institute if Medical Sciences,
NH4, Pune-Bangalore Highway,
Dist- Satara, Agasivnagar, Malkapur,
Maharashtra-415539
E-mail: hetal.mankodia14@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality in men and women. Acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is a major reason for hospitalisation in our country. Dyslipidemia has been identified as one of the most important modifiable risk factors for CAD. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of dyslipidaemia and its relation to other modifiable risk factors.

METHODS

100 cases were studied in a Krishna Institutes of Medical Sciences, Karad, over a period of 12 months from 1st August 2015 to 31st July 2016. This is a prospective observational study. All adults >18 years of age admitted for acute coronary syndrome were eligible for this study. The ACS group was studied as STEMI, NSTEMI, and Unstable Angina.

RESULTS

Majority of patients (33) was in the age group 51-60 years followed by 29 patients in the age group 61-70 years. Out of 100 ACS patients, 62 were STEMI, 20 were NSTEMI, and 18 were unstable angina. The prevalence of ACS was higher in males than females. Hypertension is the most common risk factor of ACS (41%) followed by diabetes mellitus (33%). We found that high levels of TC (more than 200 mg/dl) were found in 31% patients [mean ± SD (167.79 mg/dl ± 45.28)]. High levels of LDL (more than 130 mg/dl) were found in 23% patients [mean ± SD (97.47 mg/dl ± 38.24)]. Low levels of HDL (less than 40 mg/dl) were found in 52% patients [mean ± SD (40.69 mg/dl ± 11.84)]. High levels of TG (more than 150 mg/dl) were found in 37 % patients [mean ± SD (145.28 mg/dl ± 65.78)].

CONCLUSIONS

Dyslipidemia is one of the major risk factors which is widely prevalent in patients with ACS and is more prevalent in males than in females. We recommend paying more attention to serum lipids and other modifiable risk factors for prevention of ACS

KEY WORDS

Acute Coronary Syndrome, Dyslipidemia, MICU, Tertiary Care Hospital

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