Table of Contents

2018 Month : November Volume : 7 Issue : 46 Page : 5777-5780

ORTHOPAEDIC PATIENTS SATISFACTION WITH MEDICAL CLINIC AND EMERGENCY SERVICES PROVIDED IN SHAHID BEHESHTI HOSPITAL IN BABOL, NORTHERN IRAN

Mehdi Nikbin1, Rahmatollah Jokar2, Seyed Mokhtar Esmaeilnejad-Ganji3

1MD, Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
3Associate Professor, Clinical Research Development Centre, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Seyed Mokhtar Esmaeilnejad-Ganji,
Department of Orthopaedics,
Babol University of Medical Sciences,
Ganj Afrooz Street, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran.
E-mail: smsnganji@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Investigation of patients’ satisfaction is one of the most common methods to evaluate the quality of hospital services. We aimed to assess the orthopaedic patients’ satisfaction with medical services, who were referred to the clinic and emergency of Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Babol, Northern Iran.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

In this cross-sectional study, the orthopaedic patients who were referred between September 2017 and March 2018 were included. To evaluate the patients’ satisfaction, we used the questionnaire standardised by the Minister of Health and Medical Education. Each item of the questionnaire scored on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 0 (Completely dissatisfied) to 4 (Completely satisfied). The emergency and clinic questionnaires had 22 and 17 questions, respectively. The total score of the two questionnaires was categorised as dissatisfied, moderately satisfied and completely satisfied.

RESULTS

Finally, 631 patients were evaluated in this study, of whom 342 were in the emergency group and 292 were in the clinic group. In the emergency group, the patients were mostly dissatisfied with the expenditures of the emergency unit. In the clinic group, the most dissatisfaction was related to lack of enough chairs in the waiting room, but the most satisfaction was with hospital medication preparation. Out of 342 patients in the emergency 51 (14.9%) were completely satisfied, 265 (77.5%) were moderately satisfied and 26 (7.6%) were dissatisfied. Out of 292 clinic patients 11 (3.8%) were completely satisfied, 264 (90.4%) were moderately satisfied and 17 (5.8%) were dissatisfied.

CONCLUSION

Satisfaction of the orthopaedic patients in emergency and clinic was mostly in the average level. Providing better services for the patients and comforting them affect their improvement positively.

KEY WORDS

Emergency, Clinic, Satisfaction, Orthopaedics.

How to cite this article

Nikbin M, Jokar R, Ganji SME. Orthopaedic patients satisfaction with medical clinic and emergency services provided in Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Babol, Northern Iran. J. Evolution Med. Dent. Sci. 2018;7(46):5777-5780, DOI: 10.14260/jemds/2018/1107

BACKGROUND

Patients’ comfort during staying in hospital is important due to his/ her pains. Making a comfort environment in hospital is in favour of patients and health workers both. The people who are responsible for patients’ health will provide better conditions for faster improvement of patients in a quiet hospital environment with less tiredness and physical and mental stress.(1,2) Today, in the healthcare systems, it is necessary to respect the patients’ needs and desires. The concentration of nursing care should be on factors affecting the patients’ satisfaction. According to this, the nurses can increase their care quality.(3,4) Qualitative development of healthcare professionals believe that it is necessary to determine, define and respond to the patients’ needs.(5)

Although, a lot of attempts are made to connect patients’ expectation and their satisfaction, lack of a mechanism for patients’ satisfaction is still sensed.

Patients’ satisfaction from health system is defined as meeting their different needs and achieving the predetermined objectives. It means that a patient who is more satisfied with medical staff function, he/ she will pay more attention to the therapeutic instructions and advices and will have a better function in selection of treatment method.(6) Components of a patient’s satisfaction with healthcare include providing rest and comfort for them, addressing their nutritional needs, personal hygiene, supportive care, response to treatment, staff-patient relationship, physical environment, hospital fee and nurse availability.(7)

Considering the sensitivity of emergency in the health system of each region, decrease in the time and increase in the quality of delivery service to the patients are important. Also, the quick and appropriate management of the patients is another important issue, because it is not only one of the Ministry of Health aims, but also can increase the patients’ satisfaction.(8) In addition, given the high rate of referral to the emergency unit, the time is very important and providing the health services in this unit reflects the overall hospital health services status. Considering that quality of service provision in the emergency units is important in the evaluation of hospitals and the assessment of the rest of hospital wards is related to the necessary required limit and given that one of the important indices of quality of service provision in the emergency units is satisfaction level of referrals with the provided services.(9) Therefore, assessment of patients’ satisfaction with the hospital services is important.

Hospitals usually face high rates of orthopaedic referrals (Emergency or Elective), which can affect how to manage the patients and provide services. Hence, the necessity of evaluation of orthopaedic patients’ satisfaction is sensed. Considering that not any studies exist assessing the orthopaedic patients’ satisfaction in Babol, we aimed to evaluate this issue.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Locations and Participants

In this cross-sectional study, traumatic and non-traumatic patients were included, who were referred to Emergency Department and Orthopaedic Clinic of Shahid Beheshti hospital affiliated to Babol University of Medical Sciences between September 2017 and March 2018. Shahid Beheshti teaching hospital is a centre of trauma in Mazandaran province. The exclusion criteria were as follows: Lack orientation of the patient to time, place and person, lack of contribution in replying to the questionnaires, psychiatric diseases or psychiatric medications.

Data Collection

The demographic information (Age, gender, marital status, residence) were collected by a checklist. To evaluate the patients’ satisfaction, we used the questionnaire standardised by the Minister of Health and Medical Education. This questionnaire was designed for the emergency unit and clinic separately. Each item scored on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 0 (Completely dissatisfied) to 4 (Completely satisfied). The emergency questionnaire had 22 questions and total score was categorised as dissatisfied (0 - 30 score), moderately satisfied (31 - 60 score) and completely satisfied (61 - 88 score). The clinic questionnaire had 17 questions and total score was classified as dissatisfied (0 - 22), moderately satisfied (23 - 44) and completely satisfied (45 - 68). About the literate patients the questionnaire was filled by them and regarding the illiterate patients the questionnaire was replied by interviewing. When the patient had not had a good general condition, the questions were asked from the companions. An average of 15 minutes (at least 10 minutes) was dedicated to each interview for every person.

Statistical Analysis

The collected data were analysed by SPSS software using descriptive analysis.

Ethical Issues

The aims of the study were explained to the patients and if agreed, those eligible were included in the research. The informed consent was obtained from all participants. The patients’ information was kept confidential. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Babol University of Medical Sciences (code: MUBABOL.HRI.REC.1396.21).

 

RESULTS

In total 843 patients were primarily included in the study, of whom 212 were excluded due to meeting the exclusion criteria. Out of remaining 631 patients, 342 were related to the emergency group and 292 were related to the clinic group. The demographic information is summarised in Table 1.

Table 2 shows the rate of satisfaction of the emergency patients with the healthcare services. The most dissatisfaction was with oxygen therapy and the least was with the physician behaviour toward the patient. The most satisfaction pertained to the expenditures of the emergency unit.

Table 3 indicates the rate of satisfaction of the patients with the orthopaedic clinic. The most dissatisfaction was related to lack of enough chairs in the waiting room. The most satisfaction was related to hospital medication preparation and the least was related to waiting time in the clinic.

Out of 342 patients in the emergency, 51 (14.9%) were completely satisfied, 265 (77.5%) were moderately satisfied and 26 (7.6%) were dissatisfied. Out of 292 clinic patients 11 (3.8%) were completely satisfied, 264 (90.4%) were moderately satisfied and 17 (5.8%) were dissatisfied.

 

 

 

Variables

Emergency (n=342)

Clinic (n=292)

 

Frequency

Percent

Frequency

Percent

Age (Years old)

 

 

 

 

<18

69

20.2

56

19.1

18-35

216

63.2

164

56.2

>35

57

16.7

72

24.7

Gender

 

 

 

 

Female

142

41.5

139

47.6

Male

200

58.5

153

52.4

Marital Status

 

 

 

 

Married

224

65.5

194

66.4

Unmarried

118

34.5

98

33.6

Residence

 

 

 

 

Urban

144

42.1

111

38

Rural

198

57.9

181

62

Table 1. Patients’ Characteristics

Items

Completely Dissatisfied

Dissatisfied

Partly Satisfied

Satisfied

Completely Satisfied

 

N

%

N

%

N

%

N

%

N

%

Were you received in the emergency easily?

6

1.8

63

18.4

79

23.1

113

33

81

23

Were you evaluated by a nurse once entered?

54

15.8

63

18.4

95

27.8

113

33

17

5

Were you examined by a physician once entered?

18

5.3

80

23.4

83

24.3

106

31

55

16

Were the laboratory tests done immediately?

39

11.4

120

35.1

136

39.8

40

11.7

7

2

Were the imaging and other diagnostic methods performed immediately?

15

4.4

82

24

124

58

106

31

15

4.4

Were your vital signs (blood pressure, pulse rate, temperature and respiratory rate) controlled immediately?

12

3.5

94

27.5

124

36.3

93

28.1

16

4.7

Did you receive oxygen therapy immediately?

75

21.9

182

53.2

73

21.3

7

2

5

1.5

Were your wounds dressed soon?

4

1.2

41

12

169

49.4

115

33.6

13

3.8

Was your serum administered soon?

12

3.5

99

28.9

120

35.1

99

28.9

12

3.5

Were you satisfied with the nurses’ behaviour in the emergency unit?

11

3.2

114

33.3

101

29.5

92

26.9

24

7

Were you satisfied with the physician’s behaviour in the emergency unit?

5

1.5

30

8.8

141

41.2

100

29.2

66

19.3

Did other personnel (reception, workers, guard) of the emergency behave well toward you?

10

2.9

126

36.8

115

33.6

76

22.2

15

4.4

Was the temperature of the emergency appropriate for you (not very warm and not very cold?

2

0.6

52

15.2

82

24

155

45

51

14.9

Were the sheets, blankets and pillows accessible for you?

3

0.9

92

26.9

187

54.7

54

15.8

6

1.8

Was the toilet accessible for you?

37

10.8

54

15.8

118

33.6

115

33.6

18

5.3

Was the wheelchair accessible for you?

87

25.4

144

42.1

93

27.2

18

5.3

0

0

Was the stretcher accessible for you?

75

21.9

87

25.4

112

32.7

52

15.2

16

4.7

Were your drugs given on time?

0

0

75

21.9

105

30.7

129

37.7

33

9.6

Were you satisfied with the food quality?

17

5

69

20.2

174

50.9

81

23.7

1

3

Was the environment of the emergency clean?

31

9.1

154

45

125

36.5

30

8.8

2

0.6

Did you get expensive emergency care?

23

6.7

35

10.2

66

19.3

136

39.8

82

24

Did nursing staff teach you the self-care training?

0

0

85

24.9

126

36.8

106

31

25

7.3

Table 2. Evaluation of Orthopaedic Patients’ Satisfaction with the Medical Services in the Emergency Department

                             

 

 

Items

Completely Dissatisfied

Dissatisfied

Partly Satisfied

Satisfied

Completely Satisfied

 

N

%

N

%

N

%

N

%

N

%

Could you easily make an appointment to visit your physician?

24

8.2

84

28.8

113

38.7

58

19.9

13

4.9

Were you waiting for a long time to visit your physician?

37

12.7

140

47.9

85

29.1

18

6.2

12

4.1

Were your laboratory tests done easily?

1

3

46

15.8

120

41.1

102

34.9

23

7.9

Were your laboratory tests expensive?

0

0

33

11.3

88

30.1

124

42.5

47

16.1

Were the imaging procedures conducted easily?

38

13

60

20.5

121

41.4

71

24.3

2

7

Was imaging expensive?

0

0

81

27.7

123

42.1

75

25.7

13

4.5

Was your diagnosis identified?

2

7

30

10.3

79

27.1

123

42.1

58

19.9

Were you satisfied with the workers’ behaviour in the clinic?

12

4.1

61

16.8

114

42.5

81

32.9

24

3.8

Were you satisfied with your physician’s behaviour in the clinic?

12

4.1

49

16.8

124

42.5

96

32.9

11

3.8

Could you provide the drugs from the hospital pharmacy?

5

1.7

13

4.5

68

23.3

160

54.8

46

15.8

Were your drugs expensive?

0

0

32

11

62

21.2

148

50.7

50

17.1

Was the clinic environment clean?

46

15.8

108

37

104

35.6

34

11.6

0

0

Was the toilet accessible?

10

3.4

39

13.4

135

46.2

80

27.4

28

9.6

Was the toilet clean?

36

12.3

122

41.8

89

30.5

44

15.1

1

3

Was the temperature of the clinic appropriate for you (not very warm and not very cold?

21

7.2

68

23.3

141

48.3

61

20.9

1

3

Were there enough chairs in the waiting room?

78

26.7

135

46.2

65

22.3

131

4.5

1

3

Were there magazine, newspaper or television?

64

21.9

125

42.8

70

24

31

10.6

2

7

Table 3. Evaluation of Orthopaedic Patients’ Satisfaction with the Medical Services in the Clinic

                       

 


DISCUSSION

In this study, we investigated the orthopaedic patients’ satisfaction in clinic and emergency unit of Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Babol. Our findings showed a relative satisfaction with medical services in most of the patients. In the study by Ebrahimnia et al(10) in 2007, the most number of responses of “dissatisfied” and “completely dissatisfied” was related to hospital facilities and the least one was related to medical services. In the study by Zahmatkesh et al(9) in 2006 in Golestan province, in the emergency unit, the most satisfaction was with the attention and reception by the physician (86%) followed by attention and reception by the nurses (85%), response to questions by nursing staff (84.1%), ward environment temperature (83.9%) and cleanliness of surfaces and floor (81.9%). The least satisfaction pertained to behaviours of guards toward the patients and companions (33.8%), followed by cleanliness of toilets (45.7%). In the study by Nemati et al(7) in 2011 in Tehran, the most satisfaction was with the awareness about patients’ questions and the least was related to accessibility to medical staff. Ansari et al(8) stated that the overall satisfaction of the patients was 67.3% with the clinic, 80.7% with the emergency, 72.2% with the hospital services and 86.5% with the emergency reception. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis by Ravaghi et al(11) reported that the mean satisfaction with emergency services was 70% in Iran showing higher satisfaction rate compared with the neighbouring countries. However, the authors proposed to increase the patients’ satisfaction through appropriate training, information and increased human resources.

Satisfaction with imaging was more than satisfaction with laboratory tests in our study. This can be explained by emergency bustle and consequently delay in blood sampling by nurses. Also, laboratory bustle and lack of direct referral to the laboratory lead to delay in performing tests, because the patient should be referred to the imaging centre for imaging and consequently imaging procedure is done faster.

Another result of our study was that satisfaction with physician was more than the nurse, which can due to the patients’ expectation. In fact, the patients expect more from a nurse, because they spend more time with him/ her than with a doctor. In addition, the nurses are responsible for handling the patients more than the physicians, leading to decrease in functional quality due to high rate of referrals.

High rate of dissatisfaction with oxygen therapy is related to lack of need to oxygen therapy in the orthopaedic patients and only few toxic patients with fractures admitted to cardiopulmonary resuscitation section needing oxygen therapy.

Our patients were satisfied with quick wound dressing, because the patients with laceration are transferred to the outpatient operating room and other therapeutic services are performed immediately. Satisfaction with food was high in the emergency unit, which can be related to socioeconomic level of the patients and their expectation from food.

Satisfaction with emergency and clinic expenditures and imaging and laboratory costs can be explained by the healthcare reform implemented recently. Dissatisfaction with making an appointment in the clinic and lack of enough chairs in the waiting room and wasting time to visit the physician in the clinic can be due to high rate of referrals. One of the limitations of our study was lack of collaboration in completing the questionnaires by the patients. Also, lack of favourable mental conditions of the patients during completing the questionnaires was another limitation.

CONCLUSION

The results showed that the patients in the clinic and emergency mostly had moderate satisfaction with the healthcare services. Providing better services for the patients and comforting them affect their improvement positively. It should also be stated that improving the service level is a step for improvement of hospital level.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors would like to thank the Vice Chancellor for Research of Babol University of Medical Sciences for supporting our study.

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