Table of Contents

2018 Month : June Volume : 7 Issue : 26 Page : 2972-2976

SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION- CLINICAL FEATURES, BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE AND TREATMENT OUTCOME.

Laitonjam Chinglensana1, Sunilkumar Singh Salam2, Pankaj Saluja3, Yumnam Priyabarta4, Manoharmayum Birkumar Sharma5

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Sunilkumar Singh Salam,
Chingamakha Ningthoujam Leikai Liwa Road,
Singjamei, Imphal-795001, Manipur, India.
E-mail: shoenil24@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Small bowel obstruction is defined as failure in forward propulsion of the contents in the intestine either due to dynamic or adynamic cause. It is a common surgical emergency requiring early diagnosis and corrective surgery. It presents a challenge to the surgeon. Studies in the west have shown that bowel obstruction accounts for at least 20% of all admissions to the surgical service.

Aim: In view of varying aetiologies, intense study and clinical evaluation regarding trends and patterns of small bowel obstruction is worthwhile.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The case series was conducted on 82 patients admitted in the Department of Surgery, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Imphal, Manipur, from October 2013 to September 2015. Study was done through questionnaires and clinical examination, biochemical investigations including renal function tests, liver function tests, serum electrolytes, CT scan and CRP levels. Treatment modality was planned once the definitive diagnosis of bowel obstruction was made and data analysed using SPSS version 21.

RESULTS

63 (76.82%) cases were male, while 19 (23.17%) were female giving a ratio of 3.3: 1. The mean age was 37.50 years ranging from 13-94 years. Mechanical obstruction was the commonest type 92.68% followed by paralytic ileus in 6.1% cases. Abdominal distension was the commonest finding in 73%, abdominal tenderness in 68.5% and elevated bowel sounds in 59.2%. Previous abdominal scars were found in 32.4%, while reduced bowel sounds were recorded in 26.1%. Overall, adhesions and bands were the commonest cause of obstruction found in 56 (68.29%) patients followed by strangulated hernias in 13 (15.85%) patients and ileocaecal TB peritonitis in 8 (9.76%) patients was the main cause of paralytic ileus. 45.12% patients had hyponatraemia, 13 (15.85%) patients had hypokalaemia and 10 (12.20%) patients had hyperkalaemia.

CONCLUSION

21-40 years’ age group accounted for more than half of the patients, the most common cause being adhesions from previous abdominal surgeries followed by strangulated hernias. Plain abdominal x-rays were diagnostic in more than 60% of cases. Operative management was the mainstay of treatment in more than 2/3rd of cases.

KEY WORDS

Small Bowel Obstruction, Laparotomy, Dynamic Obstruction, Paralytic Ileus.

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