Table of Contents

2018 Month : February Volume : 7 Issue : 9 Page : 1075-1081

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PSYCHOSOCIAL AND TREATMENT FACTORS IN FREQUENCY OF EPISODES IN BIPOLAR AFFECTIVE DISORDER.

Muhammad Issudeen1, P. G. Saji2

Corresponding Author:
Dr. P. G. Saji,
Additional Professor,
Department of Psychiatry,
Government Medical College,
Kottayam, Kerala.
E-mail: drsajipg@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric illness of an episodic and recurrent nature with marked mood and behavioural dysfunction and causes substantial psychosocial morbidity, as it frequently affects independent living, vocational, and social activities. But there is a relative dearth of Indian research about the factors associated with risk of recurrence in patients with BPAD receiving treatment according to contemporary practice guidelines

The aim of this study was to assess the association of psychosocial and treatment factors with frequency of episodes in Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD).

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A cross-sectional study consisted of first 120 subjects with bipolar disorder who availed psychiatry services in a general hospital setting in central Kerala from January 2014 to July 2014. Diagnosis was made by DCR-10 criteria. Data for 114 subjects with BPAD were analysed. Episode frequency was estimated as the number of episodes of depression, mania, hypomania and mixed per year of illness. Stressful life events were assessed by Presumptive Stressful Life Event scale and treatment adherence by Drug Attitude Inventory. Modified Camberwell Family Interview was used for assessing expressed emotions. Kuppuswamy’s Socio Economic Scale was used for assessing socioeconomic status (SES).

RESULTS

Episode frequency was significantly associated with young age group, female sex, low educational status (Primary), unemployment, lower socioeconomic class, marital status (Single), number of children (Zero), earlier age at onset, family history of BPAD, high stressful life events, high expressed emotions, and poor treatment adherence. The association of comorbid general medical condition and psychiatric condition with episode frequency were not significant. The influence of religion, family type and comorbid substance use on episode frequency could not be commented upon.

CONCLUSION

Episode frequency was significantly associated psychosocial and treatment factors. Hence, to reduce the recurrence in BPAD, specific interventions are required to change the modifiable risk factors.

KEYWORDS

Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD), Recurrence, Episode frequency, Psycho-Social and Treatment Factors.

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