Table of Contents

2017 Month : December Volume : 6 Issue : 92 Page : 6545-6550

SELF-EFFICACY OF YOUNG ADULTS ACROSS STAGES OF WATERPIPE CESSATION- A MODEL-BASED CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY.

Arman Latifi1, Samira Mohammadi2, Abdullah Barkhordari3, Mehdi Khezeli4, Mohsen Khezeli5, Behnam Salmani6, Hadi Darvishi7, Mohahmmad Reza Yousefi8

Corresponding Author:
Mehdi Khezeli,
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences,
Iran.
E-mail: khezelimehdi@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

The aim of the study is to determine self-efficacy of young adults across stages of waterpipe cessation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This cross-sectional study was conducted with participation of 1012 students from Shahid Beheshti University in Iran. Data was collected within two months from May to July 2016 using a self-administered questionnaire that consisted of three parts including demographic variables, stages of change for waterpipe cessation (derived from Prochaska and DiClemente), and self-efficacy. Validity and reliability of questionnaire was assessed and approved by appropriate methods. Data was analysed by SPSS 19 using chi-square, t-test, ANOVA, and Univariate test.

RESULTS

The mean age of participants in this study was 21.37 ± 2.76 years. Out of 1012 students, 345 participants (34.1 %) had a history of waterpipe smoking at least once. In addition, current waterpipe smoking in students was 26.28%. Overall 267 students (77.4%) were categorised in passive stages (precontemplation, contemplation and preparation) and 78 students (22.6%) in active stages of waterpipe cessation (action and maintenance). The mean score of self-efficacy had a significant relationship with stages of change (p<.001), gender (p=007), residence status (p=.013), and the type of smoking (p=.041).

CONCLUSION

Considering the high prevalence of waterpipe smoking in students, negative intention toward cessation, and low self-efficacy for waterpipe smoking cessation amongst students, we suggest informative interventions about hazards of waterpipe smoking to be done to increase self-efficacy and resistance to peer pressure.

KEYWORDS

Hookah, Self-efficacy, Smoking.

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