Table of Contents

2017 Month : September Volume : 6 Issue : 77 Page : 5471-5473

PREVALENCE OF THYROID DISORDERS IN THE COASTAL PLAINS OF ALAPPUZHA, KERALA.

Karthika M1, Jeena Ramesh2

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Karthika M,
Assistant Professor,
Department of Community Medicine,
Government T. D. Medical College, Alappuzha.
E-mail: drkarthikam@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Even in the post iodisation phase, thyroid diseases are prevalent. This is seen even in coastal areas. Factors other than iodine deficiency may be responsible for this. Keeping this in mind, a study was planned to estimate the prevalence of Thyroid disorders in the Ambalappuzha North grama panchayath area of Alappuzha, Kerala. Local self-government supported this by providing sufficient funds for estimating the serum TSH level of all the participants.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A camp-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the area. 10 camps were conducted at different areas ensuring maximum participation. A total of 1711 individuals participated in various camps. Serum TSH level was estimated in the initial camp. For those who had abnormal TSH value, separate camps were arranged for estimating T3 and T4 levels.

RESULTS

86.7% had normal TSH level whereas 9.6% had increased TSH level and 3.7% had decreased TSH level. It was also seen that as age increases the chance of developing hypothyroidism also increases. There was also a significant difference among males and females. But there was no statistically significant difference among coastal and non-coastal areas of the same panchayath.

CONCLUSION

Even after universal iodisation, thyroid disorders are prevalent in Ambalappuzha North gram panchayath.

KEYWORDS

Thyroid Disorders, Prevalence, Post Iodisation, Coastal Area.

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